Japanese grammar Lesson:
Japanese Verbs in Base TA
The shortest distance between you and you speaking in Japanese isn't very far. The fastest way to learn and start conversing in the Japanese is to memorize words and then understand how to put verbs into bases.
Japanese Verbs : Verb bases – Putting Japanese verbs into the TA –form (た-form)
The ability to put Japanese verbs into the various bases quickly without pause is a qualitysought out for in fluency and acquisition. Becoming a competent and capable Japanese conversationalist takes time and commitment.
Of all the Japanese verb Bases (I, II, III, IV , V, TA-た, and TE-て) the TA - た form ranks high in usage as one of the top three most used bases for verbs only after TE-てand Base III or root form. I am focusing on it now in order to prepare you for the quick, powerful grammar secrets that employ Base TA - た verbs. Knowing these secrets will catapult your Japanese speaking ability through the roof. I’ll be discussing Japanese grammar rules that use Japanese verbs in Base TA - た.
One of the main things you should know about the TA - た form of a verb is that it is used to put verbs into past tense plain form. A verb in base TA - た form is equivalent to English’s have done or past tense perfect. The TA - た form of a verb has evolved from the classical form tari.
**** How to put a Japanese verb into Base TA ****
1. Vowel Stemmed verbs (i.e. ichidan verbs IRU, or ERU ending verbs -える.)
a. to put a verb into the TA-た form when the verb has a vowel stem simply add TA - た
We start with the Base III of verbs or the dictionary form of five Japanese verbs
1. kanjiru - 感じる
2. oboeru - 覚える
3. kangaeru - 考える
4. deru - 出る
5. iru - 居る
In Base II or stem form (or extensor form) for these five Japanese verbs will be -
1. kanji - 感じ
2. oboe - 覚え
3. kangae - 考え
4. de - 出
5. i - 居
Base TA for five Japanese verbs
TA - た ending verbs are past tense.
1. kanjita - 感じた - felt
2. oboeta - 覚えた - remebered
3. kangaeta - 考えた thought of
4. deta - 出た left
5. ita- 居た was
Meaning transformation of five Japanese Verbs:
1. To feel becomes to have felt.
kanjiru 感じる becomes kanjita 感じた
2. To remember becomes to have remembered.
oboeru 覚える becomes oboeta 覚えた
3. To think becomes to have thought.
kangaeru 考える becomes kangaeta 考えた
4. To leave becomes to have left.
deru 出るbecomes deta 出た
5. To be becomes to have been. (was, were)
iru 居る becomes ita 居た
Try putting your favorite verb ending in iru or eru into the TA form today and get your Nihongo study going!
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