Jul 29, 2007

Japanese Particle Practice

By adding the syllable mo (inclusive particle) to the following interrogatives supplement will help you increase your Japanese vocabulary by showing how to branch off known words to make many new ones. First, memorize the question words. Who, what, where ,when, how many, Have fun!

Question word + mo with + positive verb with – negative verb
dare + mo anyone nobody
nani +mo anything nothing
doko + mo everywhere, anywhere nowhere
itsu + mo all the time, always none of the time, never
nannin + mo many people, a bunch of people not many people

Question word +demo with + positive verb with – negative verb
dochi + demo whichever none of them
nani +demo anything nothing
doko + demo wherever nowhere
itsu + demo whenever none of the time, never
nannin + demo however many people not many people

Verb(base TE) + mo with + positive verb with – negative verb
dare + mo anyone nobody
nani +mo anything nothing
doko + mo everywhere, anywhere nowhere
itsu + mo all the time, always none of the time, never
nannin + mo many people, a bunch of people not many people

Dochi or which? If asked as a question The participle mo represents inclusiveness. The English equivalent being the words also or too. The mo particle does much mnore than it would seem at first glance. Mo might seem like just some your run of the mill uninspiring particle like ka, ga, wa, o, or no. However this very unordinary syllable has so many functions, mo is a grammar book unto itself.

Lets discuss some uses via example.
Example sentances using the mo particle

Ex. 1. Daremo imasen. Nobody is home
Ex. 2. Watakushi mo motte iru. I have one too, or I got one too.
Ex. 3. Nihongo no benkyo wa itsumo shite iru no desu ka? Itsumo to iu yori wa tama ni benkyo shika shinai. A so desu ka? Dakara mada nihongo ga heta nan desu yo ne!

Are you always studying your Japanese. Well, not quite always, occasionally would be a better word for my study. Is that right? That's why your Japanese still sucks so bad.

Ex. 4 Nanika motte kita? Gomen jikan ga nakute nanimo motte konakatta.
Did you bring something? I'm sorry, I didn't have time so I couldn't bring anything.



Japanetics is Language learning to the max

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