Japanese Grammar Lesson: Japanese Verb Base TA
by Makurasuki Sensei
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Japanese Verbs : Verb bases – Putting verbs into the TA –form (た-form)
The ability to put Japanese verbs into the various bases quickly without pause is a pre-requisite for speaking fluently and becoming a competent and capable conversationalist. Of all the verbs Bases (I, II, III, IV , V, TA-た, and TE-て) the TA - た form ranks high in usage as one of the top three most used bases for verbs only after TE-てand Base-III or root form. I am focusing on it now in order to prepare you for the quick, powerful grammar secrets that employ Base TA - たverbs. Knowintg these secrets will catapult your Japanese speaking ability through the roof. I’ll be discussing Japanese grammar rules that use Japanese verbs in Base TA - た.
One of the main things you should know about the TA - た form of a verb is that it is used to put verbs into past tense plain form. A verb in base TA - た form is equivalent to English’s have done or past tense perfect. The TA - た form of a verb has evolved from the classical form tari and it still has many uses (see http://japanetics.blogspot.com)
**** How to put a Japanese verb into Base TA ****
1. Vowel Stemmed verbs (i.e. ichidan verbs or verbs that end in either IRU, or ERU -える.)
a. to put a verb into the TA-た form when the verb has a vowel stem simply add TA - た
Base III, or dictionary form of 5 Japanese verbs
1. kanjiru - 感じる
2. oboeru - 覚える
3. kangaeru - 考える
4. deru - 出る
5. iru - 居る
Stems for 5 Japanese verbs
1. kanji - 感じ
2. oboe - 覚え
3. kangae - 考え
4. de - 出
5. I - 居,
Base TA for 5 Japanese verbs
TA - た ending verbs are past tense.
1. kanjita - 感じた
2. oboeta - 覚えた
3. kangaeta - 考えた
4. deta - 出た
5. ita- 居た
Meaning transformation of 5 Japanese Verbs
1. To feel becomes to have felt.
2. To remember becomes to have remembered.
3. To think becomes to have thought.
4. To leave becomes to have left.
5. To be becomes to have been. (was, were)
Try putting your favorite verb ending in iru or eru into the TA form today and get your Nihongo more Jozu!
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